Scrum – CSM Questions (Part1)

(*) Correct answers are marked in Green

1. Which statement best describes Scrum?
• A complete methodology that defines how to develop software.
• A cookbook that defines best practices for software development.
• A framework within which complex products in complex environments are developed.
• A defined and predictive process that conforms to the principles of Scientific Management

2. What is the recommended size for a Development Team (within the Scrum Team)?
• 3 plus or minus 1
• 6 plus or minus 3 
• 9 plus or minus 2
• 15 plus or minus 3

3. The CEO asks the Development Team to add a “very important” item to the current Sprint. What should the Development Team do?
• Add the item to the current Sprint without any adjustments.
• Add the item to the current Sprint and drop an item of equal size.
• Add the item to the next Sprint.
• Inform the Product Owner so that he/she can work with the CEO.

4. Who is required to attend the Daily Scrum?
• The Development Team.
• The Scrum Team.
• The Development Team and Scrum Master.
• The Development Team and Product Owner.
• The Scrum Master and Product Owner.

5. Who has the last say on the order of the Product Backlog?
• The Stakeholders
• The Development Team
• The Scrum Master
• The Product Owner
• The CEO

6. What is the primary way a Scrum Master keeps a Development Team working at its highest level of productivity?
• By facilitating Development Team decisions and removing impediments.
• By ensuring that the meetings start and end at the proper time.
• By preventing changes to the Backlog once the Sprint begins.
• By keeping high value features high in the Product Backlog

7. Why is the Daily Scrum held at the same time and at the same place?
• The place can be named.
• The consistency reduces complexity and overhead.
• The Product Owner demands it.
• Rooms are hard to book and this lets it be booked in advance.

8. When a Development Team determines that it has over-committed itself for a Sprint, who has to be present when reviewing and adjusting the Sprint work selected?
• The Scrum Master, Project Manager and Development Team.
• The Product Owner and Development Team.
• The Product Owner and all stakeholders.
• The Development Team.

9. Scrum does not have a role called “project manager.”
True
• FALSE

10. An organization has decided to adopt Scrum, but management wants to change the terminology to fit the terminology which is already used. What will likely happen if this is done?
• Without a new vocabulary as a reminder of the change, very little change may actually happen.
• The organization may not understand what has changed within Scrum and the benefits of Scrum may be lost.
• Management may feel less anxious.
• All answers apply.

11. When many Development Teams are working on a single product, what best describes the definition of “done?”
• Each Development Team has its own definition of “done”. The various differences in the definition are discussed and reconciled during the stabilization phase.
• Each Development Team uses its own definition of “done”, but must make it clear to all other Teams if there are differences.
• All Development Team must have a definition of “done” that when their work integrates results in a definition of “done” that is potentially shippable.
• It depends.

12. When multiple teams are working together, each team should maintain a separate Product Backlog.
• TRUE
FALSE

13. Which statement best describes the Sprint Review?
• It is a review of the team’s activities during the Sprint.
• It is when the Scrum Team and stakeholders inspect the outcome of the Sprint and figure out what to do in the upcoming Sprint.
• It is a demo at the end of the Sprint for everyone in the organization to provide feedback on the work done.
• It is used to congratulate the Development Team if it did what it committed to doing, or to punish the Development Team if it failed to meet its commitments.

14. Development Team membership should be changed
• Every Sprint to promote shared learning.
• Never, because it reduces productivity.
• As needed, while taking into account the short term reduction in productivity.
• Just as it would on any development team, with no special allowance for changes in productivity.

15. What does it mean to say that an event has a time box?
• The event must happen at a set time.
• The event must happen by a given time.
• The event must take at least a minimum amount of time.
• The event can take no more than a maximum amount of time.

16. Development Team members volunteer to own a Sprint Backlog item:
• At the Sprint planning meeting.
• Never. All Sprint Backlog Items are “owned” by the entire Development Team, even though each one may be done by an individual team member.
• Whenever a team member can accommodate more work.
• During the Daily Scrum.

17. Which two (2) things does the Development Team not do during the first Sprint?
• Deliver an increment of potentially shippable functionality.
• Nail down the complete architecture and infrastructure.
• Develop and deliver at least one piece of functionality.
• Develop a plan for the rest of the project.

18. What is the role of Management in Scrum?
• To continually monitor staffing levels of the Development Team.
• To monitor the Development Team’s productivity.
• Management supports the Product Owner with insights and information into high value product and system capabilities. Management supports the Scrum Master to cause organizational change that fosters empiricism, self-organization, bottom-up intelligence and intelligent release of software.
• To identify and remove people that aren’t working hard enough

19. Scrum Master is a “management” position?
True
• FALSE

20. When is a Sprint over?
• When all Product Backlog items meet their definition of “done”.
• When the Product Owner says it is “done”.
• When all the tasks are completed.
• When the timebox expires.

21. The Development Team should have all the skills needed to
• Complete the project as estimated when the date and cost are committed to the Product Owner.
• Do all of the development work, but not the types of testing that require specialized testing tools, and environments.
• Turn the Product Backlog it selects into an increment of potentially shippable product functionality

22. The Product Backlog is ordered by:
• Small items at the top to large items at the bottom.
• Safer items at the top to riskier items at the bottom.
• Least valuable items at the top to most valuable at the bottom.
• Whatever is deemed most appropriate by the Product Owner. 

23. It is important that the product increment be released to production or shipped to customers at the end of each Sprint.
• True
FALSE

24. Which of the below is not a role in a Scrum Team?
• Development Team
Customers
• Product Owner
• Scrum Master

25. The timebox for the completing Sprint Planning meeting is
• 4 hours.
• 8 hours for a monthly Sprint, proportionately less for shorter Sprints
• 16 hours

26. The role played by the Scrum Master in the Daily Scrum is:
• To make sure everyone answers the three questions in order of seniority.
• He or she does not have to be there; he or she only has to ensure the Development Team has a Daily Scrum.
• To write down any changes to the Sprint Backlog, including adding new items, and tracking progress on the burn down.
• So he or she knows what to report to management.

27. Who should know the most about the progress toward a business objective or a release, and be able to explain the alternatives most clearly?
• The Product Owner. 
• The Development Team.
• The Scrum Master.
• The Project Manager.

28. When is an abnormal termination of Sprint called?
• When it is clear at the end of a Sprint that everything won’t be finished.
• When the Team feels that the work is too hard.
• When Sales has an important opportunity.
• When the Product Owner determines that it makes no sense to finish it.

29. Who is responsible for updating the work estimates during a Sprint?
• The Development Team.
• The Scrum Master.
• The Product Owner.
• The most junior member of the Team

30. Who is not in the Scrum Team?
• The Scrum Master
• The Product Owner
• The Development Team
• Project Manager

31. Which of the following best describes a sprint?
• A sprint is a condensed amount of time in which a development team works as many hours as they need to in order to finish the work assigned to them.
• A sprint is a pre-specified amount of time in which the development team works at a sustainable pace to complete a chosen set of work.
• A sprint is a fixed amount of time set aside for a team to run tests and fix any outstanding bugs right before the product ships.
• A sprint is a pre-specified period of time during which team members choose individual items from the product backlog to work on. As each item is completed, a new item is brought into the sprint.

32. What are the desirable qualities of a Product Vision?
• Outlines traceability back to overall corporate governance in IT investment
• Provides a complete breakdown structure of the ROI formula
• Features a detailed overview that enlightens and inspires
• Describes why the project is pursued and the product desired end state 

33. Which technique is a productive method for the Scrum Master to use to help
• Teach the Product Owner about the technologies employed during the sprints.
• Teach the Team to talk in terms of business needs and objectives.
• Facilitate collaborative meetings between them.
• All of these

34. Can the Product Owner and the Scrum Master be the same person?
• No. It would take too much of one person’s time.
• No. The person would have too much power and it would create confusion.
• Yes, as long as the person can balance both responsibilities with care.
• Yes, if the person has the authority and empowerment to do both things

35. According to Scrum guidelines, who is responsible for hiring or assigning a new person into a Team?
• This is outside of the scope of Scrum
• Scrum Master
• Product Owner

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